Visualizing the $13.6 Billion in U.S. Spending on Ukraine







US military deployments

and intelligence

Enforcing sanctions and other aid

US military deployments

and intelligence

Enforcing sanctions and other aid

US military

deployments

and intelligence

Enforcing sanctions and other aid


Congress approved $13.6 billion in emergency spending last week related to Ukraine’s fight against Russia’s invasion.

The money includes weapons, military supplies and one of the largest infusions of US foreign aid in the last decade. But it also covers the deployment of US troops to Europe and money for domestic agencies to enforce sanctions.

Here is a breakdown of where the money will go:



1.Traditional Foreign Aid

$6.9 billion







Counter

misinformation

and Russian

propaganda

$120 thousand.

Food assistance, health care and other aid

$2,650 million

USAID

operating

expenses

$25 thousand.

Migration and refugee assistance

$1,400 thousand.

Grants and loans for

military supplies

$650 thousand.

Grants for

food

donations

$100 thousand.

Economic Support Fund

$647 thousand.

Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and

Central Asian

$1,120 thousand.

diplomatic

programs $125 thousand.

Counter

disinfo.

$120 thousand.

Food assistance, health care and other aid

$2,650 million

USAID

expenses

$25 thousand.

Migration and refugee

assistance

$1,400 thousand.

Grants and

loans for

military supplies

$650 thousand.

grants

for food

donations

$100 thousand.

Economy

Support Fund

$647 thousand.

Assistance for Europe,

Eurasia and Central Asia

$1,120 thousand.

diplomatic

programs

$125 thousand.


The bill allocates $6.9 billion through traditional foreign aid channels. That includes money to strengthen the security and economy of Ukraine, and to provide food, health care and urgent support to both Ukrainians living in the country and those who fled. It also includes financial support for weapon purchases.

That is more than the amount given to Ukraine in any year since 1994, when the US Agency for International Development began tracking such figures. The $6.9 billion may include some funding that wouldn’t be counted in the agency’s data, which is calculated differently. Nonetheless, it is 10 times greater than the amount given to Ukraine in fiscal year 2020, the period of the latest published data.


US Foreign Aid to Ukraine

The $6.9 billion in traditional foreign aid Congress allocated for Ukraine last week is 10 times more than the assistance the country was given in the 2020 fiscal year.



Source: ForeignAssistance.gov

The new bill may include some funding not covered in the historical data, which is adjusted to 2020 dollars. Data not available for fiscal year 2021.

In the 2020 fiscal year, Ukraine received 6 percent of total US foreign assistance tracked in the agency’s data, making it the 17th-largest recipient. It received almost 60 times as much as its neighbor Belarus, but only a sixth of the money that went to Afghanistan, the highest recipient of American aid that year.

This portion of the newly authorized package will cover a wide variety of programs, including:

$2.65 billion to provide food assistance and health care to Ukrainians and neighboring countries affected by the war.

$1.4 billion for humanitarian support and resettlement of Ukrainian refugees. Around 3.2 million people have fled Ukraine since the invasion, according to the United Nations Refugee Agency.

$1.12 billion to support Ukraine’s government, provide economic assistance and help neighboring countries through the Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia program.

$650 million for a financing program to provide additional military support for Ukraine and other countries affected by the war. The program largely provides loans and grants to purchase US weapons, equipment and training.

$647 million to the Economic Support Fund that provides direct financial support and other economic assistance to Ukraine and other countries affected by the invasion.

$125 million for diplomatic programs to help maintain US citizen services in the area; invest in cybersecurity; enhance the State Department’s capacity to identify the assets of Russian and other oligarchs; and coordinate with the Treasury Department in seizing or freezing those assets.

$120 million to counter disinformation and Russian propaganda, and to support independent media and activists.

$100 million for Food for Peace grants to support commodity donations of food assistance to Ukraine and Ukrainian refugees.

$30 million to continue integrating Ukraine’s electricity grid into Europe’s. In late February, Ukraine started a 72-hour test to unhook its power grid from those of Belarus and Russia. During the trial, Russia invaded. Ukraine’s electric grid had been operating in isolation until Wednesday, when the European Commission for Energy announced that technical experts had successfully connected it to Europe’s.

$30 million to fight international narcotics trafficking and human trafficking in Ukraine.

$25 million for operations at USAID, the agency leading the US humanitarian response in Ukraine.



2.Military Supplies

$3.5 billion







Replace supplies

from Feb.

$350 thousand.

Money for additional shipments

$2.95 billion

Replace supplies

from March

$200 thousand.

Replace

supplies

from Feb.

$350 thousand.

Money for additional shipments

$2.95 billion

Replace

supplies

from March

$200 thousand.


Another $3.5 billion will be used to replace military supplies the Biden administration already sent to Ukraine this year, and to keep dispatching additional shipments.

In times of “unforeseen emergency,” the president can authorize the transfer of US-owned weapons, ammunition and defense supplies without congressional approval.

The $3.5 billion includes $550 million to replace supplies President Biden authorized sending in February and the first week of March. Those so-called “drawdown” packages included “Javelins and other anti-armor systems, small arms, various calibers of ammunition, and other essential nonlethal equipment,” according to a Congressional Research Service report published this week.

The bill also allows Mr. Biden to keep sending more supplies. On Wednesday, shortly after Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky, delivered a virtual address to Congress, Mr. Biden announced a third package, worth $800 million, that will be replaced using funds approved in this bill.



3. US Deployments and Intelligence Programs

$3 billion







Defense

department-wide

$378 thousand.

Defense

Dept.-wide

$378 thousand.


The US also allocated $3 billion to help pay for the deployment of its own military units to allied countries in Europe.

The funding will be used to transport personnel and equipment, pay deployed troops and provide medical and intelligence support in the region.



4. Enforcing Sanctions and Other Aid

$175.5 million


Finally, Congress allocated more than $175.5 million to enforce the sanctions and export control measures imposed by the US to isolate Russia’s economy from the international financial system.

The newly authorized package will fund the following programs:

$43.6 million to the FBI to investigate cyber threats, perform counterintelligence, monitor cryptocurrency activities and establish an additional team to focus on violations of Russian sanctions.

$25 million for the Treasury Department to target sanctions and analyze Russian economic vulnerabilities.

$25 million to combat disinformation and support independent journalism.

$22.1 million to analyze Russian economic and trade vulnerabilities and the effect possible retaliations may have on the US supply chain. Part of the money will also be used to enhance American technological infrastructure and information-sharing platforms with allies.

$19 million for the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.

$17 million for Departmental Offices to support policy offices involved in coordinated responses for Ukraine task forces

$9.7 million for the Department of Justice’s Ukraine task force to address cybercrime threats and ransomware cases.

$4 million for oversight of emergency funds and operations of USAID

$4 million for oversight of emergency funds and operations of the State Department.

$5 million for US attorneys to prosecute sanctions violators and develop data analytics to address complex sanctions cases.

$1.1 million for the National Security Division to support the Department of Justice task force working on export control, sanctions and cyber cases related to the conflict.

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